Implications of Anabolic Steroid Abuse on Male Sexual and Reproductive Health


  • Joana Santos Faculdade de Ciências da Saúde da Universidade da Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal
  • Bruno Jorge Pereira Faculdade de Ciências da Saúde da Universidade da Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal; Serviço de Urologia, Instituto Português de Oncologia de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal



Anabolizantes/efeitos adversos, Comércio, Disfunção Erétil, Infertilidade, Internet, Saúde Sexual, Esteroides/efeitos adversos


In recent years anabolic steroid consumption has grown exponentially. Nevertheless, chronic consumption has numerous consequences in the cardiovascular, endocrine, psychological and genito-urinary system. The present work relates to a systematic review of the effects of anabolic steroids on male fertility, how it affects the entire sperm production and quality and its effects on sexual function including correlation with erectile dysfunction and libido decrease. These substances are frequently sold illegally on e-commerce platforms without a prescription and, therefore, it is imperative to try to solve the problem both in terms of controlling over-the-counter sales and therapies to reverse or improve side effects on consumers.


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