Rare Association between Prostate Adenocarcinoma and Schistosomiasis: A Case Report

  • Vanessa Metrogos Department of Urology, Garcia de Orta Hospital, Almada
  • Nuno Ramos Department of Urology, Garcia de Orta Hospital, Almada
  • Celso Marialva Department of Urology, Garcia de Orta Hospital, Almada
  • João Bastos Department of Urology, Garcia de Orta Hospital, Almada
Keywords: schistosomiasis, prostate adenocarcinoma, case report


Human schistosomiasis, the second most devastating parasitic disease, is common in developing countries, but rare in Europe. Urogenital tract involvement is mainly due to Schistosoma haematobium infection. Schistosomiasis has long been associated with malignant neoplasia. Some authors have hypothesized a causal relationship between schistosomiasis and carcinoma of the bowel, kidney, bladder and prostate. To data only 17 cases of concomitant prostatic adenocarcinoma and gland schistosomiasis have been described. As an uncommon example of a potential complication of an untreated schistosomiasis, we report a case of an incidentally diagnosed urinary schistosomiasis after a radical prostatectomy for prostate adenocarcinoma in a 62-year-old African man living in a non-endemic area.


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